Specific heat capacity of propanol. 1 2022-10-13

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The specific heat capacity of a substance is a measure of the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of a given mass of that substance by a certain degree. It is an important property of a substance because it determines how quickly or slowly the substance will absorb or release heat when it is subjected to a temperature change. Propanol, also known as propyl alcohol or isopropyl alcohol, is a common solvent and is widely used in a variety of applications. In this essay, we will discuss the specific heat capacity of propanol and how it relates to the substance's properties and uses.

The specific heat capacity of propanol is 2.44 J/g·K. This means that it takes 2.44 joules of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of propanol by 1 degree Kelvin. Propanol has a relatively low specific heat capacity compared to other substances, which means that it absorbs and releases heat relatively quickly. This property makes it an effective solvent for dissolving a wide range of substances, as it can easily transfer heat to or from the dissolved material.

One of the primary uses of propanol is as a solvent for cleaning and degreasing surfaces. It is commonly used to remove dirt, oil, and other contaminants from a variety of surfaces, including metals, plastics, and glass. Propanol's low specific heat capacity makes it well suited for this purpose, as it can quickly dissolve and remove contaminants without significantly affecting the temperature of the surface being cleaned.

In addition to its use as a solvent, propanol is also used as a component of antifreeze and as a fuel additive. Its low specific heat capacity makes it an effective antifreeze, as it can absorb and release heat quickly to help prevent the formation of ice. As a fuel additive, propanol can improve the combustion characteristics of gasoline, making it more efficient and reducing emissions.

While propanol's low specific heat capacity is beneficial in many applications, it can also be a drawback in certain situations. For example, propanol's low heat capacity means that it can evaporate more quickly than other substances, which can make it less effective as a heat transfer medium in certain applications. It can also be more prone to overheating when used in high-temperature environments.

In conclusion, the specific heat capacity of propanol is an important property that affects its use and behavior. Its low specific heat capacity makes it an effective solvent and antifreeze, but it can also be a drawback in certain situations. Understanding the specific heat capacity of propanol and how it relates to its properties and uses is important for effectively utilizing this versatile substance.

Table of specific heat capacities

specific heat capacity of propanol

Oswal SL, Prajapati KD, Ghael NY, Ijardar SP. Garces SI, Faneite AM, Soto D, Álvarez CA, Urdaneta MR. Uranium is a chemical element with atomic number 92 which means there are 92 protons and 92 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Iron is Fe. Uranium has the highest atomic weight of the primordially occurring elements.

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Thermodynamic Properties of Propanol and Butanol as Oxygenate Additives to Biofuels

specific heat capacity of propanol

NIST Spectra 1038 Program type: Complex; Column class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0. Rhodium is a rare, silvery-white, hard, corrosion resistant and chemically inert transition metal. Temperature and Pressure - Figures and tables showing thermal diffusivity of liquid and gaseous propane at varying temperarure and pressure, SI and Imperial units. Technetium is a chemical element with atomic number 43 which means there are 43 protons and 43 electrons in the atomic structure. Vapor pressures and excess gibbs free energies of propan-1-ol + n-heptane between 278. Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data.

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Heat Capacity and Specific Heat Capacity

specific heat capacity of propanol

Nobelium is the tenth transuranic element and is the penultimate member of the actinide series. Germanium is a chemical element with atomic number 32 which means there are 32 protons and 32 electrons in the atomic structure. Excess heat capacities of 1-butanol + toluene from 298 to 368 K. NIST Spectra 1035 Program type: Ramp; Column cl ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0. Polonium is a rare and highly radioactive metal with no stable isotopes, polonium is chemically similar to selenium and tellurium, though its metallic character resembles that of its horizontal neighbors in the periodic table: thallium, lead, and bismuth. NIST Spectra 1073 Program type: Ramp; Column cl ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.

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Specific Heat Capacity of Chemical Elements

specific heat capacity of propanol

From the combustion point of view, the production of carbon monoxide and volatile hydrocarbons from the combustion of alcohols is less than the one of gasoline. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. Potassium was first isolated from potash, the ashes of plants, from which its name derives. Thorium is a naturally-occurring element and it is estimated to be about three times more abundant than uranium. Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry.


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Propane

specific heat capacity of propanol

Gold is a bright, slightly reddish yellow, dense, soft, malleable, and ductile metal. Arsenic is a metalloid. The chemical symbol for Helium is He. Physical-chemical properties of liquid binary mixtures. It has a specific gravity of 0. Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data. The properties calculated refer to apparent values for the equilibrium mixtures of associated and nan-associated molecules.

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Thermodynamic properties of normal propanol.

specific heat capacity of propanol

Higher alcohols, like propanol and butanol, enhance the octane number, boosting the anti-knock effect in gasoline. Brown I, Fock W, Smith F. Industrial processes as storage, transport, separation and mixing processes also need reliable data for its design. Pure radium is silvery-white alkaline earth metal. The chemical symbol for Caesium is Cs. The chemical symbol for Europium is Eu.

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specific heat capacity of propanol

Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow BCFWIN v2. It is an intensive property. Americium is a transuranic member of the actinide series, in the periodic table located under the lanthanide element europium, and thus by analogy was named after the Americas. Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data. It is an extensive property. A, 795, 1998, 319-347.

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Propan

specific heat capacity of propanol

NIST Spectra 543 Program type: Ramp; Column cl ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 71238; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxanes; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I. In nuclear industry gadolinium is commonly used as a neutron absorber due to very high neutron absorbtion cross-section of two isotopes 155Gd and 157Gd. Excess volumes of cyclohexane with 2-propanone, 2-butanone, 3-pentanone, 4-methyl-2-pentanone, 1-propanol, and 2-propanol and ethanoic acid + 1-propanol systems. Hence Sand or earth gets heated or cooled more rapidly as compared to water under similar conditions. Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data. Vapor + liquid equilibria in propan-1-ol + heptane + octane at the temperature 313. Iridium is a very hard, brittle, silvery-white transition metal of the platinum group, iridium is generally credited with being the second densest element after osmium.

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Heat Capacity of 2

specific heat capacity of propanol

Limiting activity coefficients from an improved differential boiling point technique. Isobaric vapor-liquid equilibria of the system toluene + 1-butanol at 94. Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data. Excess molar volumes of methylcyclohexane + an alkanol at 298. Excess molar enthalpies and excess molar volumes of binary mixtures of 1-alkenes with 1-propanol and 2-propanol. Vapor-liquid equilibria at atm. The chemical symbol for Phosphorus is P.

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