Rural settlement patterns. CBSE Class 12: Geography 2022-10-23

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Rural settlement patterns refer to the way in which people choose to live and settle in rural areas. These patterns can vary greatly depending on a number of factors, including the natural environment, economic opportunities, and cultural traditions. Understanding rural settlement patterns can provide insight into the history, culture, and development of a region, as well as the challenges and opportunities facing rural communities.

One of the key factors that influences rural settlement patterns is the natural environment. In areas with fertile soil, abundant water, and a favourable climate, people are more likely to settle and engage in agriculture. In contrast, areas with harsh or inhospitable climates, or limited natural resources, may have fewer settlements or be inhabited by smaller, more dispersed communities.

Economic opportunities also play a role in rural settlement patterns. In areas where there are abundant natural resources, such as timber, minerals, or oil, people may be attracted to these areas for the potential economic benefits. Similarly, if there are opportunities for employment in industries such as tourism, manufacturing, or transportation, people may be drawn to these areas.

Cultural traditions can also shape rural settlement patterns. In some cases, communities may be formed around shared cultural practices or traditions, such as religious beliefs or language. In other cases, cultural traditions may dictate the way in which people use and occupy the land, such as the use of terraced fields in mountainous regions or the establishment of communal grazing lands.

There are a number of different types of rural settlement patterns, including dispersed, linear, and clustered. Dispersed settlements are characterized by individual homes or farms that are spaced out over a large area, with little or no centralization. Linear settlements, on the other hand, are arranged in a line or along a transportation corridor, such as a road or a river. Clustered settlements are characterized by a group of homes or farms that are concentrated in a specific area, often with a central focus such as a village or town.

Regardless of the specific settlement pattern, rural communities often face a number of challenges. These can include isolation from urban centers, limited access to education and healthcare, and a lack of economic opportunities. In some cases, rural communities may be affected by natural disasters or environmental degradation, which can have serious impacts on the lives and livelihoods of those who live there.

Despite these challenges, rural communities can also offer a number of benefits, such as a strong sense of community, access to natural resources, and a connection to the land. Many people who live in rural areas value the opportunity to live in a more natural setting and to be a part of a close-knit community.

In conclusion, rural settlement patterns are shaped by a range of factors, including the natural environment, economic opportunities, and cultural traditions. Understanding these patterns can provide insight into the history, culture, and development of a region, as well as the challenges and opportunities facing rural communities. Despite the challenges that rural communities may face, they can also offer a number of benefits, including a strong sense of community and a connection to the land.

What are the 3 types of rural settlement patterns?

rural settlement patterns

Rural settlement types refer to how the people of a community live in relation to the land. Capillary forces move water through small pores almost as easily upward as downward, and while the distances of movement are not great, they may be sufficient to bring water from a groundwater body into a zone where evaporation can occur. They are often found along riverbanks, roads, sea coasts, etc. Such settlements generally range from a cluster of about thirty to hundreds of dwelling of different forms, size and functions. In a Swedish experiment Fleetwood and Larsson, 1968 , the isopleth of 0.

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12.2: Rural Settlement Patterns

rural settlement patterns

Outflows in springs and spring ponds form the habitat of distinctive ecosystems, in a steady thermal and chemical environment; some, like Silver Springs in Florida, are highly productive. The distribution pattern of buildings and houses in a particular geographic region is referred to as a settlement pattern. If the ground is bare, capillary water evaporates readily from the wetted soil, sometimes leaving a memento of salts or alkali behind. XV-2 in Western Australia, destroyed by salting. XV-2, a section across an ancient, worn-down landscape in Western Australia, in which the groundwater has been studied because the deeper levels are very saline. Compact settlements are majorly found on higher grounds of fertile floodplains, where farming is the main activity. Schematic rural settlement map.


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Iran

rural settlement patterns

For instance, in the Ganga plains, in areas liable to inundation, the rectangular pattern becomes unusually elongated along the high ground. So such types of settlements are mostly found in tribal areas with dense forests and hilly regions having terraced cultivation. Village paths and cart tracks also confirm to the rectangular field patterns and run through the village in north-south and east-west directions. Therefore in such settlements all the dwellings are concentrated in one central sites and these inhabited area is distinct and separated from the farms and pastures. Dispersed settlements may be caused by low population, infertile lands, extreme weather conditions, and scarcity of natural resources forcing people to migrate. These are scattered settlements spread over an area with fields intervening between them.


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Rural Settlement Patterns & Types

rural settlement patterns

Cape Town: Utah and Co Ltd. Semi-compact types are clusters of houses, also called hamlets, not as tightly placed as compact settlements, but showing a clear grouping and boundary. Settlements take on a range of shapes when they form. The members practice shifting type cultivation or nomadic pastoralism, so they keep on moving from one place to another, and therefore they cannot settle at one place permanently. Circular settlements are also built for defense with a protective wall around the perimeter. If they are sustained after a storm or snowmelting period ends, they represent outflow from a shallow groundwater body. Different patches were settled by people from various European countries, so that a diversity of cultures and settlement patterns developed across the country.

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What are 3 factors that affect rural settlement patterns?

rural settlement patterns

Unlike dispersed settlements which are too spread out to define a shape, other types of settlement, such as compact and semi-compact settlements, can define shapes and are associated with various settlement patterns. Sometimes close study is needed to determine which way it goes. In rural environments, semi-compact settlements are usually a transitionary phase to a compact settlement. The industrialization provides services and requires man power from the neighborhood. In some senses, it means the landscape and habitations outside of cities and towns.

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Rural Settlement

rural settlement patterns

The total volume of water, referred to the whole area of the basin, is perhaps 20 mm. Did it have a village, or were all the houses spread out among the farms? Mining activities within the grassland biome compared to the rest of southern Africa no data is available for the countries of Lesotho and Swaziland and is therefore not indicated in the figure. Rural settlement types refer to how the people of a community live in relation to the land. What are the pattern of settlement? It covers more area than the compact settlements. Each is based on its population density.

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Rural SettleĀ­ment of People: Types and Patterns

rural settlement patterns

Village settlements reflected widely variable plan structures, which German geographers in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries attempted to classify on ethnic or environmental lines. Semi-Compact Settlements Semi-compact settlements are also called hamlet settlements. Settlement patterns are the distribution of buildings and houses in a rural settlement. Such settlements are common in rural areas like villages and towns. The village was established around 1770 by Swabians who came to the region as part of the second wave of German colonization. Man's activities in the southwestern U.

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Types and Patterns of Rural Settlement

rural settlement patterns

Bhumkal is a type of tribal settlement found in India. It is mostly made up of families that live in small homes on large plots of land. Usually characterized by large landscapes and alleys. Lesson Summary Rural settlements are the situations where people settle on the outskirts of cities and towns. A farm is a common type of rural settlement.

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12.2 RURAL SETTLEMENT PATTERNS

rural settlement patterns

Hair and nail can be collected noninvasively and their storage is simple. These alien plants have the ability to outcompete the natural grassland vegetation thereby displacing the natural species of the area. There are generally three types of settlements: compact, semi-compact, and dispersed. The largest areas affected by urbanization include the Johannesburg-Pretoria region in the northern parts of the biome as well at the eastern and central parts of the biome Fig. Twenty-seven percent of the population in 1999 4. In late summer, long after the store of soil moisture has been exhausted, these seeps continue to trickle water out to small meadows, strips of willows and shrubs down the dry hill slopes, and along the upper reaches of phreatophyte-lined stream channels. If it had a village, can you think of a reason all the houses were clustered? Nucleated settlement Compact settlements are found in areas with a high density of population.


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