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I. Introduction A. Background information on Joseph Conrad and the colonial era B. Thesis statement: In Heart of Darkness, Conrad criticizes the brutality and greed of European imperialism through the story of one man's descent into madness.

II. The setting of the Congo as a symbol of darkness and savagery A. Description of the jungle as an uncivilized and dangerous place B. The contrast between the European's notions of civilization and the reality of the Congo

III. The character of Kurtz as a symbol of European corruption A. Kurtz's initial idealism and desire to bring enlightenment to the Congo B. Kurtz's eventual descent into madness and reliance on brutal methods C. The contrast between Kurtz's words and actions, revealing the hypocrisy of European imperialism

IV. The theme of language and communication in Heart of Darkness A. The limited understanding of the African characters through the lens of European language B. The inability of the European characters to fully communicate with each other or themselves C. The ultimately futile attempts to understand or control the Congo and its inhabitants

V. Conclusion A. Restate thesis B. Summarize main points C. Connect back to larger themes of imperialism and human nature

Heart of Darkness Outline

heart of darkness outline

Africa, still mostly undeveloped and covered in wilderness has a beast hidden within waiting to be let out. He pictures the cold, fog, disease, and battles with the savage natives they had to endure. He also nearly falls into a random hole in the ground that slave laborers dug. If Marlow and Kurtz are linked together, then he must hate Marlow. Marlow also abandons chronological sequence.

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Heart of Darkness webapi.bu.edu

heart of darkness outline

Thesis: For many, the American dream is something we long for but cannot achieve. A black man accused of starting the fire is beaten. As Marlow travels from the Outer Station to the Central Station and finally up the river to the Inner Station, he encounters scenes of torture, cruelty, and near-slavery. Prolonged silence and solitude are seen to have damaging effects on many characters in the book. Hollowness Throughout his journey, Marlow meets an array of people characterized by their hollow emptiness, reflecting the way imperialism robbed Europeans of moral substance. Kurtz blows the steamboat whistle to frighten away the savages.

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Heart of Darkness: Summary

heart of darkness outline

Joseph Conrad faced a lot of criticism in his time, as well as after his death. He speaks only to his nephew. Every week, a caravan arrives with trade goods, but never any rivets. Symbolism of the Natives C. Darkness shows up in both literal and figurative ways in Conrad's Heart of Darkness.

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Heart of Darkness Themes

heart of darkness outline

He has a white companion, a man who faints and catches fever. Madness as a Result of Imperialism Madness is closely linked to imperialism in this book. Later, we have to compare that moment with this statement. While the id is subjected to restrictions, the superego becomes the factor of control Roberts, Notes. Broken machinery and loose rails litter the ground.

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Heart of Darkness webapi.bu.edu

heart of darkness outline

The repair job, he knows, will take months. Speaking admiringly of Africa, the clerk surprises Marlow by not going there himself. There are also the jobs of those with whom Marlow comes into contact on his journey. He is presented as a voice, a disembodied head, a mouth that opens as if to devour everything before him. The sunlight does not even seem to penetrate the incomprehensible dark, and Marlow feels the anxiousness of the unknown creeping upon him.

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Heart of Darkness: Motifs

heart of darkness outline

· They arrive at the Inner Station. Physical representation of the journey to the Congo How Realism Plays into the Meaning of the Novel A. Heart of Darkness is a novella by Joseph Conrad written in 1899. Research and Education Association, Inc. They float on a peaceful Themes river.

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Heart Of Darkness webapi.bu.edu

heart of darkness outline

See eNotes Ad-Free Start your 48-hour free trial to get access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts. On an individual level, Conrad weaves the themes of duty and responsibility through Marlow's job as captain, a position that makes him responsible for his crew and bound to his duties as the boat's commander. He worked on a boat steamer for a Belgian ivory trading company, just like the depiction of Charles Marlow. Overview The main themes of Heart of Darkness include darkness, alienation and loneliness, and chaos and order. When the characters are allowed to follow their impulses alone as a result of being isolated form the society that dictates the norms, the power becomes too big for them to handle. Marlow: From Consciousness and Unconsciousness The character Marlow is also discussed in the book to have shifting consciousness.

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Heart of webapi.bu.edu

heart of darkness outline

· Marlow speaks with a · Marlow eavesdrops on a conversation between the manager and uncle. The number of ridiculous situations Marlow witnesses act as reflections of the larger issue: at one station, for instance, he sees a man trying to carry water in a bucket with a large hole in it. Without them, his journey ends. The voyage into the heart of an immense darkness is a voyage into the collective unconsciousness of the human race, a quest after the meaning of intelligent life in an alien and brutal universe. CLAIM 1: One reason poverty needs to be resolved is so that people are able to afford to be able to live instead of going from paycheck to paycheck.

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Heart of Darkness Chapter Summaries

heart of darkness outline

This man has attained his position because of his good health, not his ability and performance. This will lead him to think that interdependence is necessary for man to live Galloway, par 1. As the idealistic Marlow is forced to align himself with either the hypocritical and malicious colonial bureaucracy or the openly malevolent, rule-defying Kurtz, it becomes increasingly clear that to try to judge either alternative is an act of folly: how can moral standards or social values be relevant in judging evil? Darkness: 2 of the dark. Both the concepts of primitive honour and superego act as the other end of the human darkness and the id, respectively. Actions taken in the name of philanthropy are merely covers for greed. When he arrives to the first station, called Outer Station, he sees all of the horrors behind the ivory trade business.

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